Today in the Petit Explorador we want to give you some tips to be able to treat bullying in school.
Bullying is an English term that refers to bullying. There are several types of bullying:
- Physical Harassment: consists of direct aggression based on kicking, pushing, beating with objects. It can also be indirect when there is material damage to the victim’s personal property or theft.
- Verbal harassment: is the most common. It only leaves a mark on the victim. Words have a lot of power and undermine the victim’s self-esteem through humiliation, insults, motes, scorn in public, spread of false rumors, offensive phone calls or calls, indecent sexual language …
- Psychological harassment: it is done by threats to provoke fear, to get some object or money, or simply to force the victim to do things that he does not want or have to do …
- Cyberbullying: it is the use of the telematic means (Internet, mobile telephony and video games mainly online) to exert the psychological harassment between equals. When one or a minor harasses, threatens, humiliates or annoys another through the use of IT.
- Social harassment: consists in the exclusion and progressive isolation of the victim. In practice, harassers prevent the victim from participating, either by ignoring his or her presence and by not counting him/her in normal activities among friends or classmates.
Activities to deal with bullying in school:
It is to divide the class in groups. Each group receives a sentence about bullying, which can be as follows:
- “When we fight and we hit, we hurt, but we also hurt when we insult a person or make fun of it, or when we do not let him/her play, or leave him/her alone. We also hurt when we speak badly of someone behind their back so that we provoque others from not being their friends. All this is mistreating. “
The groups will have to represent with an image “frozen” an example of bullying. The elements are the bodies of the participants, who will have to communicate something through a scene without using the word. The group has to agree on what to present to the rest and how to do it.
Throughout the scene, they have to convey the feelings that are experienced by people experiencing bullying situations. Each group will represent the “picture” you have created, but without mentioning the example of bullying chosen. The challenge is for the members of the other groups to identify the example. After all the groups represent your photograph, it will be shared with the others as they came to construct this image.
The teacher will consider the contributions of each group to conceptualize the subject, and propose to rethink the examples that do not correspond to the concept. It will take into account that bullying can present different forms of aggression: physical, verbal, psychological or social. It is important that these descriptions appear in the examples or that the teacher invites the groups to think about those who did not appear.
- Recognize bullying.
- Reflect on situations of nuisance or intimidation.
- Work in groups.
The group will form a round. Each student will write his name on a sheet. When an order is given, each one will pass the sheet to the right. Each time a child receives a sheet, he will have to write a positive message for this child. At the end of the round, each child will be able to read all the messages that highlight their positive aspects in the sheet with their name, and receive the affection of their peers.
- Recognize positive values in themselves and in others.
- Strengthen group bonds.
The class will be divided into five groups. The teacher will give each group an envelope that will contain the pieces of five mixed puzzles and they have to complete the drawing. When the signal is given, each group will have to assemble the puzzle corresponding to the received image.
To achieve this, its members will have to get the missing pieces that are in the envelopes of the other groups. The game ends when all groups have completed the puzzle. During the game you can not speak or communicate in writing, you can not remove pieces to another group, but you can give pieces and exchange.
It will be interesting that the teacher does not warn the children that the pieces are mixed, but that they find themselves with the difficulty to solve. Finally, the teacher will propose to socializa what happened during the game, based on questions such as the following:
- How did they feel when someone had a piece they needed and did not?
- What did they do when they finished the puzzle?
- Did they look at what the other groups needed?
- Cooperate with your colleagues to achieve the goal.
- Demonstrate solidarity attitudes.
- Resolve the conflicts of the activity.
- Strengthen group bonds.
- Show empathy.
With the purpose of knowing something more all the companions, the teacher will invite the students to develop in the classroom a “I Museum”. From personal objects that students will select at home and bring to school: favorite toys, family photos and of themselves at different stages and events of their lives, books, memories of their favorite places, albums with their favorites songs, etc. In the next step each student will make a token of the object to explain its significant history.
The objects of all will be arranged in a common space and the group will visit the museum to know what it is important for each student. You can ask questions and invite each one to explain the reasons that brought them to choose these objects. This sample can be completed with a “gallery”, which can be done in paper or virtual, where the “Yo Museum” of each member of the class. We will try to conclude with a reflection on the similarities and the differences that present the choices of the members of the group.
- Accept the differences.
- Recognize equality.
SHORT ON SCHOOL HARASSMENT
Under the title “Be Together, Not The Same”, the piece aims to fight school bullying through the characters of the classic game “Stone, Paper and Scissors”.
The video posted on social networks shows paper, stone and scissors as the main characters of the classic children’s game, where they unite to save their peers from school bullying. Scissors is a good friend of the paper, and the latter rescued a stone of bullying that his colleagues did.
The protagonists of the story are animations of the famous children’s game “Stone, Paper and Scissors”, and although the three do not seem to have much in common, they leave aside their differences to defend each other from their enemies. The spot leaves us with an emotive message about friendship: who seems to be your enemy then can be your best friend.
- Working out the value of friendship and cooperation
- Accept the differences.
In addition, a good idea is to make a school outday in order to strengthen the links of the students. We advise the activity of Adventure and group dynamics as it is an excursion that encourages teamwork, participation and respect through play.
And on our website Petit Explorador you can find many more exits to do with the class. Discover them here! Or contact us at: 93 205 99 12 firstname.lastname@example.org
Have you got more ideas or advices? Explain them in the comments and help other on how you work bullying in your school. We shall share among all ideas to stop bullying !!